Class: LuaTableIterator(lua table 迭代类 )

LuaPlus 提供了一个名为 LuaTableIterator 的类

他的作用是让我们在c++内遍历lua table时比使用标准lua CAPI更简单 方便 也更安全

(The iterator is not STL compliant in its current form.)


LuaStateOwner state; state->DoString( “MyTable = { Hi = 5, Hello = 10, Yo = 6 }” ); LuaObject obj = state->GetGlobals()[ “MyTable” ]; for ( LuaTableIterator it( obj ); it; it.Next() ) { const char* key = it.GetKey().GetString(); int num = it.GetValue().GetInteger(); printf(“%s=%d/n”,key,num); } // Hello=10 // Hi=5 // Yo=6

Class: LuaStackObject

LuaPlus does not use integers to represent stack objects. Instead, those stack indices are wrapped in a LuaStackObject . LuaStackObjects can be passed directly to a Lua C function, if needed, but it is advised to go through the LuaPlus version of the function.

Using a LuaObject is usually the better way to go, since a LuaObject relieves the user of any stack management at all. LuaStackObjects are available for use in callback functions or in special case stack management scenarios.

LuaStackObjects also store a pointer to the parent LuaState . In part, this is what makes the LuaWatchAddin work. Most importantly, LuaStackObjects can just be passed around without any regard for the LuaState they came from.

Most LuaStackObject functions mirror LuaObject functions of the same name, so see the section above for more detail.

  • Push()/Pop().

Class: LuaRefObject

(使用了LuaObject类 没有必要再使用这个类了)

LuaPlus enhances the Lua ref table facility by allowing ref’ed objects to be used without using GetRef() to push them onto the stack. LuaRefObject encapsulates this new functionality. Assigning a LuaObject (or another LuaRefObject ) to a LuaRefObject instance will cause a lua_ref() to occur. When the LuaRefObject goes out of scope, lua_unref() is called. LuaRefObject is derived from LuaObject and can operate on ref’ed objects without issue.

The LuaWatchAddin displays the contents of LuaRefObjects .

Class: LuaStackTableIterator

A LuaStackTableIterator is almost identical to the LuaTableIterator above, except it provides support for iterating using the stack, similar to how core Lua does it.

LuaStackTableIterator is fully documented in LuaPlus.h .

Class: LuaAutoBlock(使用了 LuaObject 同样没有必要再使用此类)

也就是很少使用到这个类 不过如果涉及到 堆栈操作 最好使用此类保护堆栈

Nothing can be more frustrating than paying attention to stack management. Which function allocates which entry on the stack? How many entries? Did it get popped? Where is that stack leak at? LuaAutoBlock serves as a fairly useful approach to solving these problems.

LuaAutoBlock is a C++ class whose constructor stores the index of the stack top. At destruction time, it sets the stack top to the stored index. By providing this functionality as an object, the stack is guaranteed to be restored, regardless of exit points from a function or loop block.

Note: When using the LuaObject class, there is no need to worry about stack management, and so LuaAutoBlock provides no benefits in that situation.

{ LuaAutoBlock autoBlock(state); LuaStackObject testObj = state->GetGlobals_Stack()["Test"]; // Does this allocate a stack item? state->PushString["A string"]; // Does this? testObj.SetNumber("Value", 5); // Does this? // Who cares? LuaAutoBlock automatically cleans it up. }

Class: LuaStateOutFile

LuaStateOutFile and derived classes are used in conjunction with LuaState::DumpObject() . When a LuaStateOutFile object is passed to DumpObject() , that object is used for writing the Lua dump file. The application can derive from LuaStateOutFile to change the default dumping behavior.

Namespace: LuaPlus::LuaHelper

The LuaHelper namespace contains some useful helper functions for retrieving values from LuaObjects. The helper functions perform a lookup into a table for a certain key. If the key is required to be found and is not present, an assertion is triggered. Otherwise, the found value or a default value is returned.

The following helper functions are available:

  • GetBoolean()
  • GetFloat()
  • GetLightUserData()
  • GetString()
  • GetTable()
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Visual C++ 6.0 便携特别版.by.cntrump 2011.02.12
luaplus 与官方文档慢慢扯(六)